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笛声VOA慢速巧克力的故事悠远深长

2020-09-15 15:27:13 | 来源: 凉菜

VOA慢速:巧克力的故事悠远深长

Chocolates Story Older Than Once Thought

Humans may have been enjoying cacao, the ______ used to make chocolate, for much longer than ______ had thought.

Researchers at the University of British Columbia in Canada have found that humans grew cacao trees and consumed cacao starting around 5,300 years ago.

They published their findings in the journal Nature Ecology & Evolution in late October.

The researchers found evidence of cacaos use at an ancient village in the highlands of southeastern Ecuador. They examined the remains of very old objects at the Santa Ana-La Florida archeological site. The village was part of the Mayo-Chinchipe culture of the Andes.

Time has had little effect on the village and ceremonial center. The researchers were able to find a lot of evidence of the use of cacao.

Scientists had already mostly agreed that cacao was first domesticated in South America instead of Central America, as they once believed. But the new discovery shows cacao was domesticated about 1,500 years earlier than was known before.

The scientists found evidence of cacao being used at th效率高e site from 5,300 to 2,100 years ago.

By the 1580s, Spain began importing 云南(2013)cacao and spreading it to other European countries. By the 1800s, technology developed in the Netherlands made it possible to turn cacao into a solid chocolate product.

Michael Laiskonis teaches chocolate-ng classes at the Institute of Culinary Education in New York. He said he has observed a growing interest in natural cacao tastes. He said he introduces his students to the history of chocolate. He tells his students, for example, about a recipe from the 1600s that mixed Mayan and Aztec versions of cacao drinks with European influences.

Laiskonis said chocolate is “something thats always been transforming.”

本文相关词条概念解析:

深长

1.长远;深远。2.精深。3.长。

巧克力

巧克力(纳瓦特尔语:xocolātl),也译为朱古力(二者均为音译),原是美洲食品,欧洲人进入美洲后辗转传入中国。在纳瓦特尔语中,“巧克力”一词的意思是苦水。巧克力的主原料是可可豆(纳瓦特尔语:cacahuatetl)。位于今天墨西哥的阿兹特克帝国(也译阿斯帝卡王朝)倒数第二任皇帝蒙特祖马二世(MotēuczōmaXōcoyōtzin;也译孟特儒)时,是崇拜巧克力的社会,喜欢以辣椒、番椒、香草豆和香料添加在饮料中,打起泡沫,并以黄金杯子每天喝50CC,是属于宫廷成员的饮料。可可树的拉丁学名Theobroma有“众神的饮料”之意,被视为贵重的强心、利尿的药剂,它对胃液中的蛋白质分解酵素具有活化性的作用,可帮助消化。

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