Chocolates Story Older Than Once Thought
Humans may have been enjoying cacao， the ______ used to make chocolate， for much longer than ______ had thought.
Researchers at the University of British Columbia in Canada have found that humans grew cacao trees and consumed cacao starting around 5，300 years ago.
They published their findings in the journal Nature Ecology & Evolution in late October.
The researchers found evidence of cacaos use at an ancient village in the highlands of southeastern Ecuador. They examined the remains of very old objects at the Santa Ana-La Florida archeological site. The village was part of the Mayo-Chinchipe culture of the Andes.
Time has had little effect on the village and ceremonial center. The researchers were able to find a lot of evidence of the use of cacao.
Scientists had already mostly agreed that cacao was first domesticated in South America instead of Central America， as they once believed. But the new discovery shows cacao was domesticated about 1，500 years earlier than was known before.
The scientists found evidence of cacao being used at th效率高e site from 5，300 to 2，100 years ago.
By the 1580s， Spain began importing 云南(2013)cacao and spreading it to other European countries. By the 1800s， technology developed in the Netherlands made it possible to turn cacao into a solid chocolate product.
Michael Laiskonis teaches chocolate-ng classes at the Institute of Culinary Education in New York. He said he has observed a growing interest in natural cacao tastes. He said he introduces his students to the history of chocolate. He tells his students， for example， about a recipe from the 1600s that mixed Mayan and Aztec versions of cacao drinks with European influences.
Laiskonis said chocolate is “something thats always been transforming.”